Before installing your new distribution, it is essential to define your user profile :
if the terms of "MBR" launcher "GRUB", Hard Disk "partitioning are totally unknown to you, it is necessary to search your common group of users of GNU/Linux, to help you install your new system on your computer.
Note : Emmabuntüs is particularly well suited for beginners because of its simplicity and the fact that it included many software and drivers that facilitate the immediate use of many devices. The creators of Emmabuntüs use it daily and you are therefore entitled to a real user experience.
If you're not your first test of a GNU/Linux distribution you can install as usual. All modern computers are capable of (Booting) on a USB Flash drive, it is therefore the preferred option for its speed.
Using a USB Key
For users of the following environments :
- Windows and Linux distributions, you can Create a Bootable USB drive with UNetbootin. Warning, made a backup of your USB key, before starting the transfer of the ISO image on the key, to avoid losing all your data when formatting.
Using UNetbootin makes you lose the menus launch that exist on the DVD. This method starts directly in "Live" mode, the system can then be launched from the Live session.
- Ubuntu distribution, you can Create a Bootable USB drive with (USB-Creator). This has the advantage of not requiring the installation of an additional program, but this forces to dedicate a USB stick to it.
Note 1 : If you use this method it is important to expand the size of the extra space to 256 MB minimum, otherwise you can not start and pass the login screen. The system does not recognize the user, in fact it was not enough space to create the Home directory.
Note 2 : If you use Ubuntu version earlier than 11.04, you can not create the USB bootable under USB-Creator for Emmabuntüs 2 because the ISO formats have changed. To create the USB key, you must do the following operation :
- uninstall syslinux (version 3.63 and earlier): either as well as synaptic or type on terminal : sudo apt-get remove -y syslinux
- then reinstall a version of syslinux syslinux-common and more recent view here (version 4.05 is available on our server : syslinux-common 4.05 to be installed first, then syslinux 4.05),
- ensuite réinstaller usb-creator :
- Linux distributions, you can Create a Bootable USB drive with MultiSystem. This maintains its own data on the USB, you can put as many GNU/Linux distributions, that the key can hold.
To implement this method see here. It is even possible to start a machine not having the ability to boot from a USB stick with a bootable CD that is here.
The Emmabuntüs team support the MultiSystem project, and uses this method for its daily demonstrations.
Find the MultiSystem instructions on Framasoft (in french), developed by the Emmabuntüs team.
Using a DVD
We recommend using the following software :
- For beginners working environments :
- Windows, first read how Create a bootable CD/DVD with ImgBurn where the well Tutorial Writing an ISO image with ImgBurn. This software is not Opensource, but it is freeware, and the great advantage of being simple to use and very powerful.
- Linux, we recommend using Brasero for its simplicity of handling.
- For libristes working environments :
Remark : whatever software it is very important to drive the minimum speed, and to terminate the writing session.
Using WUBI for Windows
Installing with Wubi, to facilitate and simplify the discovery of Emmabuntüs from a non-Free platform and widespread. This makes Emmabuntüs but also installable Ubuntu and its derivatives, and uninstalled as a program. Why you put in the same folder your Emmabuntüs 2 ISO downloadable here with the suitable executable Wubi for Emmabuntüs 2, then you run the executable, and let yourself be guided by the installer. To unintall it's even simpler you launch this executable ;) This method eliminates the need to partition the hard drive disk, thus making the handling far less risky.
- Version of Wubi for Emmabuntüs 2 requires the presence of ISO Emmabuntüs to properly install Emmabuntüs 2. The absence of this ISO will download Xubuntu and not Emmabuntüs 2.
Detailed installation procedure
Set the ISO to Emmabuntüs 2 in the same directory as the executable for Wubi Emmabuntüs 2
Launch the executable by double clicking
The following window opens:
Information in the following order this interface:
- Select your Language
- Select the installation disc. You must have at least 16 GB of this disk to install Emmabuntüs 2
- Find the Desktop Environment putting Emmabuntus (last item in this list). If you put another system is one that will be downloaded and installed
- Select the size reserved for installing Emmabuntüs distribution. We advise you to take the maximum of 30 GB to install other programs, knowing Emmabuntüs will occupy 10 GB
- Enter your user name:
- Your username must contain only alphanumeric characters (and no accented character)
- It must not start with a digit
- It must not contain spaces
- It must be written entirely in lowercase letters
- Enter the same password in the two boxes provided for this purpose
- Finish by clicking "Install"
After extact the ISO or to download if you select another distribution based on Ubuntu, the computer asks you to restart, accept the proposal to complete the installation.
Upon reboot you will see two lines at the launch of Windows:
- The first is to start your Windows as before, and this is the default system
- The second is to launch Emmabuntüs. Select the second line to complete the installation. When selecting this second line a screen with a countdown of 5 seconds to change settings Emmabuntüs launch, and you should not intervene in this screen
Then install properly spoken of Emmabuntüs 2 begins, and it will last 15 to 30 minutes, then it will at the end of this phase restart the machine again, and select the line in Emmabuntüs launcher for Windows finally be able to use this Linux distribution.